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Publications (n=90)

**Les publications de l'étude NICO sont disponibles sur demande auprès de la Coordonnatrice du Projet (**


1. O`Loughlin J, Dugas EN, O’Loughlin EK, Winickoff JP, Montreuil A, Wellman RJ, Sylvestre MP, Hanusaik N. Parental cannabis use is associated with cannabis use in offspring. J Pediatrics (accepted)

2. Dugas E, Sylvestre MP, Ewusi-Boisvert E, Chaiton M, Montreuil A, O`Loughlin J. Early predictors of daily cannabis use in young adults. Can J Psychiatry 2018 Epub ahead of print

3. Sylvestre MP, Hanusaik N, Berger D, Dugas E, Pbert L, Winickoff J, O’Loughlin JL. A tool to identify adolescents at high risk of cigarette smoking initiation. Pediatrics 2018 Oct 1. pii: e20173701. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-3701. [Epub ahead of print]. 

4. Rodriguez D, Goulazian T, Strasser A, O'Loughlin J, Dugas EN, Hitsman BL, Kuoiloi C, Schnoll R. The role of the subjective importance of smoking (SIMS) in cessation and abstinence. J Smoking Cessation (accepted)

5. Ashdown-Franks G, Sabiston CM, Solomon-Kralus S, O'Loughlin J. Sport participation in high school and anxiety symptoms in young adulthood. Ment Health Phys Act (accepted)

6. O'Loughlin J, Wellman RJ. Letter to the editor re:  Tam J, Warner KE. Students' cigarette smoking and the perceived nicotine content of e-cigarettes they vape. Am J Prev Med 2018 (Invited Letter to the Editor).

7. Chagnon M, O’Loughlin J, Engert JC, Karp I, Sylvestre MP. Missing single nucleotide polymorphisms in Genetic Risk Scores: A simulation study. Plos One. 2018 19;13(7):e0200630. 

8. Sylvestre MP, Wellman R, Dugas E, Chagnon M, O’Loughlin J. Sex differences in attaining cigarette smoking and nicotine dependence milestones in novice smokers. Am J Epidemiol 2018 Mar 7. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwy045. [Epub ahead of print] 

9. Belanger M, Katapally TR, Barnett TA, O'Loughlin E, Sabiston CM, O'Loughlin J. Link between physical activity type in adolescence and body composition in adulthood. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2018;50(4):709-714. 

10. Wellman RJ, O'Loughlin EK, Dugas EN, Montreuil A, Dutczak H, O'Loughlin J. Reasons for quitting smoking in young adult cigarette smokers. Addict Behav 2018;77:28-33. 

2017 (n=3)

11. Sylvestre MP, Kâ, K, Dugas EN, Zappitelli M, O’Loughlin J. Sex-specific trajectories of systolic and diastolic blood pressure in youth. J Hypertens 2017;35(7):1416-1423. 

12. Kakinami L, O’Loughlin EK, Brunet J, Dugas EN, Constantin E, Sabiston CM, O'Loughlin J. Associations between physical activity and sedentary behavior with sleep quality and quantity in young adults. Sleep Health 2017;3(1):56-61. 

13. Dugas E, Sylvestre MP, O`Loughlin E, Kakinami L, Brunet J, Constantin E, O`Loughlin J. Nicotine dependence and sleep quality in young adults. Addict Behav 2017;65:154–160.

2016 (n=8)

14. Brunet J, Pila E, Solomon-Krakus S, Sabiston CM, O’Loughlin J. Self-esteem moderates the associations between body-related self-conscious emotions and depressive symptoms. J Health Psychol 2016 1:1359105316683786. 

15. Wellman RJ, Dugas EN, Dutczak H, O’Loughlin EK, Datta GD, Lauzon B, O’Loughlin J. Predictors of the onset of cigarette smoking: a systematic review of longitudinal population-based studies in youth. Am J Prev Med 2016;51(5):767-778. Editors selected this article to be available online free for all readers, and to be part of the Continuing Medical Education (CME) Program for physicians.

16. O’Loughlin J, Wellman RJ, Potvin L. Whither the e-cigarette? Int J Public Health 2016;61(2):147-8. (Invited Editorial)

17. Wellman RJ, O`Loughlin J. E-cigarettes: addressing gaps in knowledge. Int J Public Health 2016;61(2):149-50. (Invited Commentary)

18. Dugas E, Wellman R, Kermack A, Tremblay M, O`Loughlin J. Reasons for not using NRT in young adult smokers. Can J Addict 2016;7(2):14-21.

19. Chenoweth MJ, Sylvestre MP, Contreras G, Novalen M, O’Loughlin J, Tyndale RF. Variation in CYP2A6 and tobacco dependence throughout adolescence and in young adult smokers. Drug Alcohol Depend 2016;158:139-46.

20. Wellman RJ, Vaughn JA, Sylvestre MP, O`Loughlin EK, Dugas EN, O`Loughlin J. Relationships between current and past binge drinking and systolic blood pressure in young adults. J Adolesc Health 2016;58(3):352-7.

21. Sabiston CM, Jewett R, Ashdown-Franks G, Belanger M, Brunet J, O'Loughlin E, O'Loughlin J. Number of years of team and individual sport participation during adolescence and depressive symptoms in early adulthood. J Sport Exerc Psychol 2016;38(1):105-10. 

2015 (n=12)

22. Gobbi G, Low NCP, Dugas E, Sylvestre MP, Contreras G, O’Loughlin J. Short-term natural course of depressive symptoms and family-related stress in adolescents after separation from father. Can J Psychiatry 2015;60(10):417-26.

23. Wellman RJ, DiFranza JR, O’Loughlin J. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Autonomy over Tobacco Scale (AUTOS) in adults. Addict Behav 2015;50:217-21. 

24. Bélanger M, Sabiston CM, Barnett TA, O'Loughlin E, Ward S, Contreras G, O'Loughlin J. Number of years of participation in some, but not all, types of physical activity during adolescence predicts level of physical activity in adulthood: Results from a 13-year study.Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2015;12:76. 

25. Bolze C, Gray-Donald K, Dugas EN, O`Loughlin J. Predictors of weight loss in young adults. Child Obes 2015;11(5):541-8. 

26. Dubé E, O`Loughlin J, Karp I, Jutras-Aswad D. Cigarette smoking may modify the association between cannabis use and adiposity in males. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2015;135:121-7. 

27. Dugas EN, Low NCP, O’Loughlin EK, O’Loughlin JL. Recurrent suicidal ideation in young adults. Can J Public Health 2015;106(5):e303-7. 

28. Wellman RJ, O`Loughlin J. Data dilemmas and difficult decisions: on dealing with inconsistencies in self-reports. J Adolesc Health 2015;56(4):365-6.

29. Pila E, Sabiston CM, Brunet J, Castonguay AL, O’Loughlin J. Do body-related shame and guilt mediate the association between weight status and self-esteem? J Health Psychol 2015;20(5):659-69.

30. Chaiton M, Cohen JE, Rehm J, Abdulle M, O’Loughlin J. Confounders or intermediate variables? Testing mechanisms for the relationship between depression and smoking in a longitudinal cohort study. Addict Behav 2015;42:154-61. 

31. Kakinami L, O’Loughlin EK, Dugas EN, Sabiston CM, Paradis G, O’Loughlin J. The association between exergaming and physical activity in young adults. J Phys Act Health 2015;12(6):789-93. 

32. Constantin E, Low NC, Dugas E, Karp I, O’Loughlin J. Association between childhood sleep-disordered breathing and disruptive behavior disorders in childhood and adolescence.  Behav Sleep Med 2015;13(6):442-54.

33. O’Loughlin J, Dugas EN, Brunet J, DiFranza J, Engert JC, Gervais A, Gray-Donald K, Karp I, Low NC, Sabiston C, Sylvestre MP, Tyndale RF, Auger N, Barnett T, Belanger M, Chaiton M, Chenoweth MJ, Constantin E, Contreras G, Kakinami L, Labbe A, Maximova K, McMillan E, O’Loughlin EK, Pabayo R, Roy-Gagnon MH, Tremblay M, Wellman RJ, van Hulst A, Paradis G. Cohort Profile: The Nicotine Dependence in Teens (NDIT) Study. Int J Epidemiol 2015;44(5):1537-46.

2014 (n=12)

34. O’Loughlin J. E-cigarettes - promise or peril? Can J Public Health 2014;105(2):e94-6 (Invited Editorial)

35. Wellman RJ, DiFranza JR, O`Loughlin J. Recalled first reactions to inhaling nicotine predict the level of physical dependence. Drug Alcohol Depend 2014;143:167-72.

36. O’Loughlin J*, MP Sylvestre*, Labbe A, Low NC, Roy-Gagnon MH, Dugas EN, Karp I, Engert JC (*co-first authors). Genetic variants and early cigarette smoking and nicotine dependence phenotypes in adolescents. PLoS One 2014;9(12):e115716. 

37. Scarapicchia TM, Sabiston CM, O'Loughlin E, Brunet J, Chaiton M, O'Loughlin JL. Physical activity motivation mediates the association between depression symptoms and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Prev Med 2014;66:45-8. 

38. Jewett R, Sabiston CM, Brunet J, O’Loughlin EK, Scarapicchia T, O'Loughlin J. School sport participation during adolescence and mental health in early adulthood. J Adolesc Health 2014;55(5):640-4. 

39. Brunet J, Sabiston CM, Chaiton M, Low NC, Contreras G, Barnett TA, O’Loughlin JL. Measurement invariance of the depressive symptoms scale during adolescence. BMC Psychiatry 2014;14:95. 

40. O’Loughlin JL, Sylvestre MP, Dugas EN, Karp I. Predictors of the occurrence of smoking discontinuation in novice adolescent smokers. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2014;23(6):1090-101. 

41. Wellman RJ, Contreras GA, Dugas EN, O’Loughlin EK, O’Loughlin JL. Determinants of sustained binge drinking in young adults. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2014;38(5):1409-15.

42. Brunet J, Sabiston CM, O’Loughlin E, Chaiton M, Low NC,  O’Loughlin JL. Symptoms of depression are longitudinally associated with sedentary behaviors among young men but not among young women. Prev Med 2014;60:16-20. 

43. Dugas EN, O’Loughlin EK, Low NC, Wellman RJ, O’Loughlin JL. Sustained waterpipe use among young adults. Nicotine Tob Res 2014;16(6):709-16. 

44. Pedneault M, Labbe A, Roy-Gagnon MH, Low N, Dugas E, Engert JC, O'Loughlin J. The association beween CHRN genetic variants and dizziness at first inhalation of cigarette smoke. Addict Behav 2014;39(1):316-20. 

45. O’Loughlin JL, Dugas EN, O’Loughlin EK, Karp I, Sylvestre MP. Incidence and determinants of cigarette smoking initiation in young adults. J Adolesc Health 2014;54(1):26-32.e4. 

2013 (n=8)

46. Malard L, Kakinami L, O’Loughlin J, Roy-Gagnon MH, Labbe A, Pilote L, Hamet P, Tremblay J, Paradis G. The association between the Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme-2 gene and blood pressure in a cohort study of adolescents. BMC Med Genet 2013;14:117.

47. Barnett TA, Maximova K, Sabiston CM, Van Hulst A, Brunet J, Castonguay AL, Bélanger M, O’Loughlin J.  Physical activity growth curves relate to adiposity in adolescents. Ann Epidemiol 2013;23(9):529-33. 

48. O'Loughlin EK, Low NC, Sabiston CM, Brunet J, Dugas EN, Chaiton MO, O'Loughlin J. Symptoms of specific anxiety disorders may relate differentially to different physical activity modalities in young adults. Ment Health Phys Act 2013;6(3):155-61.

49. Chenoweth MJ, O’Loughlin J, Sylvestre MP, Tyndale RF. CYP2A6 slow nicotine metabolism is associated with increased quitting by adolescent smokers. Pharmacogenet Genomics 2013;23(4):232-5. 

50. Sabiston CM, O'Loughlin E, Brunet J, Chaiton M, Low NC, Barnett T, O'Loughlin J. Linking depression symptoms trajectories in adolescence to physical activity and team sports participation in young adults. Prev Med 2013;56(2):95-8.

51. Racicot S, McGrath JJ, Karp I, O'Loughlin J. Predictors of nicotine dependence symptoms among never-smoking adolescents: a longitudinal analysis from the Nicotine Dependence in Teens Study. Drug Alcohol Depend 2013;130(1-3):38-44.

52. Chaiton M, Contreras G, Brunet J, Sabiston CM, O'Loughlin E, Low NC, Karp I, Barnett TA, O'Loughlin J. Heterogeneity of depressive symptom trajectories through adolescence: predicting outcomes in young adulthood. J Can Acad Child Adol Psychiatry 2013;22(2):96-105.

53. Brunet J, Sabiston CM, Chaiton M, Barnett TA, O`Loughlin E, Low NC, O'Loughlin JL. The association between past and current physical activity and depressive symptoms in young adults: a 10-year prospective study.  Ann Epidemiol 2013;23(1):25-30. 

2012 (n=7)

54. Low NC, Dugas E, Constantin E, Karp I, Rodriguez D, O'Loughlin J. The association between parental history of diagnosed mood/anxiety disorders and psychiatric symptoms and disorders in young adult offspring. BMC Psychiatry 2012;12:188.

55. Auger N, Lo E, O’Loughlin J. Risk of gambling onset in youth who are younger than same-grade peers. Ann Epidemiol 2012;22(5):372-5. 

56. Dugas E, Low NC, Rodriguez D, Burrows S, Contreras G, Chaiton M, O'Loughlin J. Early predictors of suicidal ideation in young adults. Can J Psychiatry 2012;57(7):429-36. 

57. Langlois KA, Birkett N, Garner R, O'Loughlin J. Trajectories of physical activity in Montreal adolescents from age 12 to 17 years. J Phys Act Health 2012;9(8):1146-54. 

58. Pabayo R, O`Loughlin J, Barnett TA, Cohen JE, Gauvin L. Does intolerance of smoking at school or in restaurants or corner stores decrease cigarette use initiation in adolescents? Nicotine Tob Res 2012;14(10):1154-60. 

59. Bélanger M, O'Loughlin J, Karp I, Barnett TA, Sabiston CM. Physical activity fluctuations and body fat during adolescence. Int J Pediatr Obes 2012;7(1):73-81. 

60. Cengelli S, O'Loughlin J, Lauzon B, Cornuz J. A systematic review of longitudinal population-based studies on the predictors of smoking cessation in adolescent and young adult smokers. Tob Control 2012;21(3):355-62.  

2011 (n=2)

61. Karp I, Paradis G, Lambert M, Dugas E, O'Loughlin J. A prognostic tool to identify adolescents at high risk of becoming daily smokers. BMC Pediatr 2011;11:70. 

62. Fuller D, Sabiston C, Karp I, Barnett T, O’Loughlin J. School sports opportunities influence physical activity in secondary school and beyond. J Sch Health 2011;81(8):449-54. 

2010 (n=7)

63. Chaiton M, Cohen J, O'Loughlin J, Rehm J. Use of cigarettes to improve affect and depressive symptoms in a longitudinal study of adolescents. Addict Behav 2010;35(12):1054-60. 

64. Contreras GA, O'Loughlin J, Rodriguez D, Wellman RJ, DiFranza JR. Measures of nicotine dependence in adolescents: an update of the evidence 2000-2010. J Pediatr Biochem 2010;1:143-64. 

65. Koudsi NA, O'Loughlin J, Rodriguez D, Audrain-McGovern J, Tyndale RF. The genetic aspects of nicotine metabolism and their impact on adolescent nicotine dependence. J Pediatr Biochem 2010;1(2):105-23.  

66. Auger N, Lo E, Cantinotti M, O’Loughlin J. Impulsivity and socio-economic status interact to increase the risk of gambling onset among youth. Addiction 2010;105(12):2176-83. 

67. Barnett TA, O’Loughlin J, Sabiston CM, Karp I, Bélanger M, Van Hulst A, Lambert M. Teens and Screens: the influence of screen time on adiposity in adolescents. Am J Epidemiol 2010;172(3):255-62. 

68. Dugas E, Tremblay M, Low NC, Cournoyer D, O'Loughlin J. Water-pipe smoking among North American youths. Pediatrics 2010;125(6):1184-89. 

69. Maximova K, O’Loughlin J, Paradis G, Hanley JA, Lynch J. Changes in anthropometric characteristics and blood pressure during adolescence. Epidemiology 2010;21(3):324-31. 

2009 (n=8)

70. Maximova K, O’Loughlin J, Paradis G, Hanley JA, Lynch J. Declines in physical activity and higher systolic blood pressure in adolescence. Am J Epidemiol 2009;170(9):1084-94. 

71. Chaiton MO, Cohen JE, O’Loughlin J, Rehm J. A systematic review of longitudinal studies on the association between depression and smoking in adolescents. BMC Public Health 2009;9:356.  

72. Wileyto P, O’Loughlin J, Lagerlund M, Meshefedjian G, Dugas E, Gervais A. Distinguishing risk factors for the onset of cravings, withdrawal symptoms and tolerance in novice adolescent smokers. Tob Control 2009;18(5):387-92. 

73. O’Loughlin J, Karp I, Koulis T, Paradis G, DiFranza J. Determinants of first puff and daily cigarette smoking in adolescents. Am J Epidemiol 2009;170(5):585-97. 

74. Bélanger M, Gray-Donald K, O’Loughlin J, Paradis G, Hanley J. When do adolescents drop the ball: sustainability of physical activity in youth. Am J Prev Med 2009;37(1):41-9.

75. Bélanger M, Gray-Donald K, O’Loughlin J, Paradis G, Hutcheon J, Maximova K, Hanley J. Participation in organised sports does not slow declines in physical activity during adolescence. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2009;6(1):22. 

76. Bélanger M, Gray-Donald K, O’Loughlin J, Paradis G, Hanley J. Influence of weather conditions and season on physical activity in adolescents. Ann Epidemiol 2009;19(3):180-6.

77. O’Loughlin J, Gervais A, Dugas E, Meshefedjian G. Milestones in the process of cessation among novice adolescent smokers. Am J Public Health 2009;99(3):499-504. 

2008 (n=1)

78. O’Loughlin J, Karp I, Henderson M, Gray-Donald K. Does cigarette use influence adiposity or height in adolescence? Ann Epidemiol 2008;18:395-402. 

2007 (n=2)

79. O’Loughlin J, Kishchuk N. Rethinking and reframing research on tobacco use in youth: Reflections based on a longitudinal investigation of Quebec adolescents. Drogues, Santé, et Societe 2007;6:i1-i20. 

80. Bancej C, O’Loughlin J, Platt RW, Paradis G, Gervais A. Smoking cessation attempts among adolescent smokers: a systematic review of prevalence studies. Tob Control 2007;16:e8. 

2006 (n=5)

81. Pabayo R, O'Loughlin J, Gauvin L, Paradis G, Gray-Donald K. Effect of a ban on extracurricular sports activities by secondary school teachers on physical activity levels of adolescents: a multilevel analysis. Health Educ Behav 2006;33(5):690-702. 

82. Dasgupta K, O'Loughlin J, Chen S, Karp I, Paradis G, Tremblay J, Hamet P, Pilote L. Emergence of sex differences in prevalence of high systolic blood pressure: analysis of a longitudinal adolescent cohort.  Circulation 2006;114(24):2663-70.  

83. Gervais A, O'Loughlin J, Meshefedjian G, Bancej C, Tremblay M. Milestones in the natural course of onset of cigarette use among adolescents. CMAJ. 2006;175(3):255-61. (Commentary by Klein JD. Adolescents and smoking: the first puff may be the worst. CMAJ 2006;175(3):262.) 

84. Karp I, O'Loughlin J, Hanley J, Tyndale RF, Paradis G. Risk factors for tobacco dependence in adolescent smokers. Tob Control 2006;15(3):199-204.  

85. Eppel A, O'Loughlin J, Paradis G, Platt R. Reliability of self-reports of cigarette use in novice smokers. Addict Behav 2006;31(9):1700-4. 

2005 (n=1)

86. Karp I, O'Loughlin J, Paradis G, Hanley J, DiFranza J. Smoking trajectories of adolescent novice smokers in a longitudinal study of tobacco use. Ann Epidemiol 2005;15(6):445-52. 

2004 (n=1)

87. O'Loughlin J, Paradis G, Kim W, DiFranza J, Meshefedjian G, McMillan-Davey E, Wong S, Hanley J, Tyndale RF. Genetically decreased CYP2A6 and the risk of tobacco dependence: a prospective study of novice smokers. Tob Control 2004;13(4):422-8. 

2003 (n=1)

88. O'Loughlin J, DiFranza J, Tyndale RF, Meshefedjian G, McMillan-Davey E, Clarke PB, Hanley J, Paradis G. Nicotine-dependence symptoms are associated with smoking frequency in adolescents. Am J Prev Med 2003;25(3):219-25.

2002 (n=2)

89. O'Loughlin J, DiFranza J, Tarasuk J, Meshefedjian G, McMillan-Davey E, Paradis G, Tyndale RF, Clarke P, Hanley J. Assessment of nicotine dependence symptoms in adolescents: a comparison of five indicators. Tob Control 2002;11(4):354-60.

90. O’Loughlin J, Tarasuk J, DiFranza J, Paradis G. Reliability of selected measures of nicotine dependence among adolescents. Ann Epidemiol 2002;12(5):353-62.